Coal Phase-Out

Coal accounted for 30% of global CO2 emissions in 2018, with coal-fired power plants the single largest contributor to the growth in emissions for the year. Accounting for approximately 30% of primary energy supply in the G20, an accelerated coal-phase out is critical to the global energy transition and climate mitigation.

In addition to climate mitigation, a coal phase-out could have considerable benefits – especially for countries that use coal to meet significant portions of their energy needs and/or are exposed to coal trade risks. In the G20, the countries where coal phase-out should be an immediate priority include: China, Australia, India, Indonesia, and South Africa. For these countries, coal phase-out could also bring about:
– increased public health dividends;
– reduced costs of electricity production through low input prices for renewable energies,
– reduced risks of stranded assets;
– improved energy independence and fiscal benefits.

To limit global warming to 1.5°, total coal (including with Carbon Capture and Storage) must be close to 0% of electricity generation by 2050.

Climate Transparency partners are working in G20 countries towards this goal by:
– Providing analysis and recommendations on coal phase-out – including a just transition that protects workers and other vulnerable groups which may be affected;
– Involving decision makers and change agents to share learnings, discuss challenges and opportunities;
– Engage in cross-country learnings to increase awareness, knowledge and also capacity.

Click on the picture or the download button to read papers on coal transition and coal phase-out written by Climate Transparency Partners from South Africa, Indonesia and India as well as the summary about coal phase-out actions in G20 countries.

G20: COMPARISON OF COAL PHAST-OUT ACTIONS

Managing the phase-out of coal: a comparison of actions in G20 countries

SOUTH AFRICA

Socio-economic considerations for a Paris Agreement-compatible coal transition in South Africa

INDONESIA

Indonesia’s coal dynamics: Toward a just transition

Indonesia’s coal dynamics: Toward a just transition (Summary for Policymakers)

INDIA

Coal Transition in India

Click on the picture to download graphs related the topic of coal phase-out.

Share of coal in total primary energy supply (2017)

Source: Enerdata 2018

Managing the phase-out of coal: a comparison of actions in G20 countries

Share of coal in electricity generation (2017)

Source: Enerdata 2018

Managing the phase-out of coal: a comparison of actions in G20 countries

Coal imports and exports as percentage of world total (2017)

Source: WTEx, 2019

Managing the phase-out of coal: a comparison of actions in G20 countries

Capacities of coal plants (January 2019)

Source: CoalSwarm, Global Coal Plant Tracker, 2019

Managing the phase-out of coal: a comparison of actions in G20 countries

G20 subsidies to coal and coal-fired power

Source: OECD and IEA, 2018

Managing the phase-out of coal: a comparison of actions in G20 countries

Financing the capacity of coal-fired power plants overseas

Source: Global Coal Finance Tracker, 2018

Managing the phase-out of coal: a comparison of actions in G20 countries

Discover more about our events and blog articles on coal phase-out.

Event: Beyond coal – Towards net-zero emissions

The German Embassy in Tokyo, the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies and Climate Transparency cordially invite you to the online event: “Beyond coal – Towards...

Coal transition in India, Indonesia and South Africa

Between June 2018 and June 2019, Climate Transparency partners from India (TERI), Indonesia (IESR) and South Africa (ERC) conducted research on the economic impacts...

New publication: comparing G20 actions in phasing out coal

According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s (IPCC’s) Special Report Global Warming of 1.5°C, a near-total reduction in the use of coal and...

21 May 2019 l Event: Brown to Green Forum

The British Embassy Berlin and Climate Transparency organised the Brown to Green Forum: Managing the phase out of coal - perspectives from Germany, the...

Event: Transition in India’s coal sector

Climate Transparency's partner in India,TERI, conducted a workshop on transition in India’s coal sector on 15 May 2019. The workshop was a significant success, with...

Event: Global energy transition and future of coal in Indonesia

The Institute for Essential Services Reform, the Climate Transparency Partner in Indonesia, organised two events: on 1 April an international seminar entitled "Global Energy...

Event: A just coal transition for South Africa

The Energy Research Centre, TIPS, IDDRI and Climate Strategies organised a symposium on a just coal transition in South Africa on 27 February 2019...

How does South Africa manage its coal phase-out?

How does Indonesia manage its coal phase-out?

To learn more about how coal phase out looks like in G20 countries and what the international reactions to Germany’s Coal Commission are, watch our videos:

How are G20 countries phasing out coal?

What are international reactions to Germany’s Coal Commission?

Report: Global energy transition and future of coal in Indonesia

Report: Global energy transition and future of coal in Indonesia