The Climate Transparency Report 2021

The Climate Transparency Report is the world’s most comprehensive annual review of G20 countries’ climate action and their transition to a net-zero emissions economy.

Developed by experts from 16 partner organisations from the majority of the G20 countries, the report informs policy makers and stimulates national debates. Thanks to comparable and concise information presented in a visually attractive form, the Climate Transparency Report serves as a useful reference for decision makers and actors, and also for those central for climate for whom climate is not central.

The review is based on 100 indicators for adaptation, mitigation and finance and aims to make good practices and gaps transparent. The Highlights Report and 20 Country Profiles allow the report to be a clear reference tool for decision makers.

The Highlights Report 2021 provides a comprehensive overview of all G20 countries, whether – and how well – they are doing on the journey to transition towards a net-zero emissions economy. The report draws on the latest emissions data and covers 100 indicators on decarbonisation, climate policies, finance and vulnerability to the impacts of climate change. Providing country ratings, it identifies leaders and laggards in the G20.

Video Recording of the Online Launch Event

Click on the picture of each country profile to download the document.

Indonesia (in Bahasa)

Mexico (in Spanish)

Click on the Key Graphs of the Report 2021 to open in new window for download.

Total vs green spending and proportion of G20 member (excl. EU) spending in various green sectors

(January 2020-August 2021)

Source: Own analysis based on: Global Recovery Observatory, August 2021

Regulatory and policy developments in G20 members to align financial systems with climate action


Source: Author’s own, based on various sources

G20’s total COVID-19 rescue and recovery spending 

(January 2020-August 2021)

Source: Own analysis based on: Global Recovery Observatory, August 2021

Total Primary Energy Supply (TPES) mix (level: 2020, percentage change:2015-2020)


Source: Enerdata, 2021

Summary of policy ratings across sectors


Source: Climate Analytics, 2021

Summary of 5-year trends and current decarbonisation ratings


Source: Enerdata, 2021

Status of updated NDCs


Source: Climate Action Tracker, 2021b

Share of renewables in power generation in 2020 and % change in share of renewables, inlc. large hydro


Source: Enerdata, 2021

G20 public finance for fossil fuels

(USD millions per year, 2018-19 average)

Source: Oil Change International, 2020

Timing, status, GHG coverage, and use of offsets in current G20 net zero targets


Source: Climate Watch, n.d., Energy & Climate Intelligence Unit, n.d.

G20 NDC targets, current policy projections, and 1,5°C modelled domestic pathways


Source: CAT, 2021; Climate Analytics, 2021

G20 members’ readiness to adapt


Source: Own analysis based on Andrijevic et al.,2020; ND-GAIN database (n.d.)

G20 green recovery spending

(January 2020-August 2021)

Source: Own analysis based on Global Recovery Observatory, August 2021

G20 GHG emissions by sector


Source: Enerdata, 2021

G20 GHG emissions from agriculture, excl. energy


Source: FAO, 2021

Energy-related CO2 emissions and GDP variation


Source: Enerdata, 2021

Conditional and unconditional fossil fuel subsidies in the G20

(January 2020-August 2021)

Source: Energy Policy Tracker, 2021

Current coal power capacities of G20 members

(as of July 2021)

Source: Global Energy Monitor, 2021

Coverage and average price of explicit carbon pricing schemes in G20 members


Source: Analysis based on data provided by I4CE, 2021

2019 G20 members fossil fuel subsidies (absolute values and per-unit of GDP shares) and 2015-2019 subsidy trends


Source: OECD inventory of fossil fuel, 2020

Click the button to download the Technical Note of the Climate Transparency Report 2021.

Incrementalism was yesterday’s choice, it cannot be today’s. The damages coming at us from the climate crisis are accelerating exponentially. People are suffering the dire consequences and they want things to change. It’s time for G20 governments to get up to speed and deliver the green transition we need.

Christiana Figueres, Co-founder of Global Optimism and former Executive Secretary of the UNFCCC (2010-2016)


The Climate Transparency Report serves as an important annual update assessing G20 countries’ climate action. The Report is concisely capturing countries’ progress with achieving decarbonization and resilience goals and setting the context for deeper discussions on climate change.

Bernice van Bronkhorst, Global Director for Climate Change at The World Bank Group


G20 countries are really late. Late with 2030 climate targets, fossil fuel phase-out plans and climate finance packages. The Climate Transparency Report reveals that the G20 needs to move mountains to ensure that we can still walk the narrow 1.5°C path. Luckily, it’s not impossible. Tasks are clearly defined. All we need are leaders of the world’s largest emitters stepping up and delivering their outstanding duties.

Laurence Tubiana, CEO European Climate Foundation


The consequences of the climate emergency are becoming more and more visible, with floods, extreme heat waves and unusual droughts. To respond to the climate crisis we are already experiencing, we need ambitious climate action now. The Climate Transparency Report tells us where we are and what has to be done.”

Lewis Pugh, OGI , UN Patron of the Oceans


Germany together with other G20 countries is responsible for 80% of global emissions. As the Climate Transparency Report rightly points out, it is key that the G20 countries will increase their ambition with Germany phasing out coal until 2030, increasing the share of renewables in electricity to at least 95% until 2030 und phasing out all fossil fuel subsidies until 2025.

Dr. Franziska Brantner, Member of the German Bundestag, The European Policy spokeswoman


The present and future of the next generations and all humanity are at stake. The G20 countries are not doing enough to prevent the extinction of life on our planet. Young people and children expect decision-makers to take science seriously and listen to experts like Climate Transparency.

Francisco Manzanares, Environmental Activist