Canada performs very low in the two categories of greenhouse gas emissions and energy use per capita – it has the highest greenhouse gas emissions and the highest energy user per capita in the G20. While hydropower dominates its power sector, Canada has the G20’s second-highest rate of new wind energy installations.

Experts rate the climate policy performance of Canada’s government medium. They give credit to their government for developing the Pan-Canadian Framework on Climate Change and Clean Growth that sends signal for a strengthened climate policy.

Although Canada has cut some subsidies to exploration, it continues to subsidise the production and consumption of fossil fuels. In addition, Canadian public pinance institutions provided, on average, about US$ 3 billion a year for fossil fuels between 2013 and 2014. While official OECD estimates only report US$ 114 million of subsidies in 2014, other research finds that subsidies to coal, oil and gas production, including through public finance institutions, total US$ 1.6 billion.

Canada’s provisions of international climate finance is lower than 0.01% of its GDP, ranking second-last within the G20 countries obliged to provide climate finance under the UNFCCC.

For more detailed information, please see Country Profile and Summary Report of the Brown to Green Report 2017, which can be downloaded in “Publications”.

If you are interested how Argentina performs compared to other G20 countries, see the Summary Report of the Brown to Green Report and the “Key Graphs“.

If you are interested in collaborating on an event, please contact us under

Press release on the occasion of the launch of Brown to Green Report 2017:

Language: English

Selected newspaper articles in Canada in 2017:

G20 states must take harder line on carbon emissions: NGOsDigital Journal, 1 September 2016

Energie/climat: des ONG pointent l’effort encore insufficient des pays du G20Le Journal de MontréalLe Journal de Québeclineamarco, 1 September 2016