Transport

Transport accounts for 20% of the G20 energy-related CO2 emissions. In 2018, G20 transport emissions grew by +1.2%. Several factors explain the continuous growth trend: increased economic development and global trade have increased passenger and freight transport. People continue to purchase larger and heavier vehicles in the US and increasingly in Asia and Europe – globally 36% of cars sold in 2018 were SUVs compared to 33.8% in 2017.

Limiting warming in line with the Paris Agreement goals requires deep cuts in transport emissions, even as demand for transport continues to grow.

Approaches include:
– Phase-out of fossil fuel cars;
– Decarbonise heavy duty vehicles;
– Modal shift in (ground) transport.

For example, to keep global warming below 1.5°C, the share of low-carbon fuels in the G20 transport fuel mix (6%) would need to increase roughly ten times by 2050.

Climate Transparency partners are working in G20 countries towards this goal by:
– Providing analysis and recommendations on how a decarbonisation can be achieved;
– Involving decision-makers and change agents to share learnings, discuss challenges and opportunities;
– Engaging in cross-country learnings to increase awareness, knowledge and also capacity.

Click on the picture or the download button to read papers on the decarbonisation of the transport sector written by Climate Transparency Partner from Argentina and Mexico. (Papers from Indonesia and South Africa will be uploaded soon.)

ARGENTINA

Sustainable Mobility – Challenges for Argentina

GERMANY

Decarbonising transport in Germany: Policy options to support a shift to rail

INDIA

Build back better: Revitalizing clean Urbanization to drive India’s Post-Covid Economic Growth

INDONESIA

The Role of Electric Vehicles in Decarbonizing Indonesia’s Road Transport Sector

MEXICO

Making Transport Paris-Compatible: A Contribution to the Debate on Electromobility in the Automotive Sub-Sector of Mexico

SOUTH AFRICA

A Low-Carbon Transport Future for South Africa: Technical, Economic and Policy Considerations

Click on the picture to download graphs related to the transport sector.

Transport emissions per capita (excluding aviation) in the G20, 2018

tCO2/capita

Source: Enerdata 2019, World Bank 2019

The Brown to Green Report 2019

Market share of electric vehicles in new car sales

Source: IEA 2019

The Brown to Green Report 2019

Aviation emissions per capita (domestic and international) in the G20, 2016

tCO2/capita

Source: IEA 2019

The Brown to Green Report 2019

Transport sector: Policy rating

Source: Own evaluation

The Brown to Green Report 2019

Policy Rating of the Transport Sector

The Brown to Green Report 2018

Discover more about our events and blog articles on the decarbonisation of the transport sector.

Paper: Build back better – India’s post-Covid Economic Growth

The Covid-19 pandemic has impacted the world's economies in a unique way and at an unprecedented scale. On the flipside, it has also given...

Paper: A Low-Carbon Transport Future for South Africa

The South African transport sector, which accounts for 14% of total emissions, is set to potentially become the largest greenhouse gas emitter by 2050...

Paper: Decarbonising Transport in Germany

In order to become carbon-neutral before 2050, Germany urgently needs to tackle greenhouse gas emissions from the transport sector – the only sector with...

Webinar: Descarbonisation in the transport sector of Mexico

Climate Transparency's Partner in Mexico, Iniciativa Climática de México, organised on 31 March 2020 an online seminar entitled: "Decarbonisation in the transport sector of...

Paper: Making Transport Paris-Compatible in Mexico

The transport sector in Mexico is responsible for more than a quarter of domestic emissions, with the automotive sub-sector accounting for 21.8% of total...

Webinar: The Role of Electric Vehicles

Climate Transparency's Partner in Indonesia, Institute for Essential Services Reform (IESR), organised a webinar entitled "The Role of Electric Vehicles in Decarbonizing Indonesia’s Road...

Paper: The Role of Electric Vehicles in Indonesia

In Indonesia, the transport sector contributed 28% of energy-related greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in 2018, mostly from road transport. At the same time, in...

Event: Transforming transport in South Africa

The Energy Systems Research Group of the University of Cape Town, the South African Partner of Climate Transparency, organised a symposium on the future...

Paper: Sustainable Mobility – Challenges for Argentina

The transport sector in Argentina is the biggest final energy consumer in the country, with almost 31% of total primary energy in 2017, and...

Webinar: The Role of Electric Vehicle in Decarbonizing Indonesia's Road Transport Sector

Webinar: Descarbonisation in the transport sector of Mexico