The Mexican Climate Initiative (Iniciativa Climática de México A.C. (ICM) in Spanish) launched the Brown to Green Report 2018 in Mexico by inviting several representatives from national and international organizations, think tanks and academy. More than 20 representatives attended to the event in the Novit Hotel, located at the Mexico City.
After an opening of Adrián Fernández, Chief Executive Officer of the ICM, Jorge Villarreal (ICM’s Climate Policy Officer) gave an overview on the climate performance of G20 countries and the developments in Mexico. He provided a summary about the G20 emissions gap to comply with the Paris Agreement, G20 energy-related CO2 emissions, the recent policy developments in the G20 and Mexico’s climate policy performance towards low-carbon and climate resilient economy. The representatives from the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and the Climate Finance Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GFLAC acronym in Spanish) were invited to comment and share their perspectives about the Brown to Green Report results.
 At this stage any journalist was invited as the main target was the climate community. The evidence can be found on the document: “Presentation elaborated by the ICM to share the results of the Brown to Green Report 2018”.
Afterwards, the contributions of the other participants were focused on discussing the alternatives to share the key results of the Brown to Green 2018 to stakeholders and orient climate policy making aligned to the 1.5°C pathway. They recognized that climate change urgency has not been adequately communicated worldwide nor in Mexico. Nonetheless, the participants recognized the Brown to Green results contribute to the groups-effort in terms of transparency, as it is an independent assessment supported by renowned international organizations that monitor and supervise climate action in the G20 economies. The participants emphasized the B2G 2018 is a key asset for the Global Stocktake as it provides essential inputs to define more ambitious nationally determined contributions for 2020 and 2050 and its results highlight the urgency of creating a transparency framework at the international and national levels.
Also, the participants recognized that the B2G results provide powerful messages for stakeholders in terms of transparency in decision making and public policy processes for climate action, and placed emphasis on the strategies that must be carried out to place Mexico with a pathway towards low greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and climate-resilient development. According to the participants, the main measures that Mexican government need to implement urgently are: phase-out inefficient fossil fuel subsidies; invest in new renewables and increase their participation in the energy mix; phase out the inefficient coal- fired power plants and limit oil production and fuel-oil generation.
The participants mentioned the importance of recognizing the positive developments of the G20 to motivate the UNFCCC Parties to fully implement their NDCs and to learn from other countries-experiences to design more ambitious policies nationally. For example: Despite Mexican government implemented the carbon pricing in 2014, fossil fuels still dominate the primary energy supply, what can we do to use this mechanism (the carbon tax) as an efficient tool to transform the Mexican energy matrix? Like other G20 economies, the Mexican government has directed public investment towards fossil fuel power projects instead of addressing climate change. Therefore, the incoming government is a renewed opportunity to place the country on the right path to a low-carbon economy and comply with the compromises announced to the Paris Agreement.